Frequently Asked Questions
Residential Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems I/A OWTS For Suffolk County Homeowners
Your home's septic system is every bit as important as the other systems you have in your house such as your electrical system, heating & air conditioning systems, water treatment system etc. It is an investment that can add value to your home.
Many homeowners in Suffolk County do not know a lot about their septic system or cesspool. Most homeowners only think about their septic system or cesspool when there is a problem.
These tips have been brought to you by Roman Stone Construction Company, the exclusive Long Island Distributor for Norweco, Nitrogen Reducing Advanced Wastewater Treatment Systems. Norweco I/A OWTS are approved by the Suffolk County Department of Health Services. We manufacture our I/A OWTS in our Bay Shore plant providing long-term jobs for residents of Suffolk County. Roman Stone has been in our Bay Shore plant since 1962.
So how do you get one of the (mostly) free upgraded septic systems for your home? You can go to the County website https://www.reclaimourwater.info/ or you can call us and we will help you through the process.
Septic System +A system that typically removes your untreated wastewater from your home. It should consist of a septic tank and a drainfield or a circular leaching pit. The septic tank traps most of the solids and the drainfield or leaching pit disperse the liquids (effluent) back into the ground.
Cesspool +is a concrete lined hole that is outlawed in almost all other parts of the country. It is supposed to function as a drain field that slowly dissipates your home's wastewater into the soil beneath your home. The reality is that they actually bring the wastewater closer to our groundwater and this nitrogen loaded wastewater is a primary cause of the algal blooms, fish kills and degraded water quality of our bays, estuaries and rivers. Many older homes on LI have block cesspools. These are very dangerous and can cause death if they collapse in your yard.
Septic Tank +is a watertight concrete tank that traps most of the solids in wastewater (> 50%). The remaining "brown" water (effluent) flows by gravity out to your drainage field or circular leaching pit for further soil-based treatment. Every few years you should have your septic tank pumped (every 3-5 years is typical). The pumper brings your wastewater to a central wastewater treatment plant where it gets processed. Septic tanks have been mandated in Suffolk County since 1972. Many older homes in Suffolk County do not have septic tanks so their untreated wastewater is going directly into a cesspool and ultimately into our groundwater.
Sewer +A sewer is a pipe with raw sewage (untreated wastewater) that leads from your house to a centrally located wastewater treatment plant or small community wastewater treatment system. Homeowners who are hooked up to a sewer pay sewer taxes which pays for the construction and operation of the sewer treatment plant.
I/A Onsite Wastewater Treatment System (I/A OWTS) +An I/A OWTS (also known as an innovative/advanced septic system) makes your home its own mini wastewater treatment plant by reducing solid waste, pathogens, and nitrogen. ق These systems have been approved for use in Suffolk County in a new law (Article 19) that was passed in September 2016. In the future, all Suffolk County new home construction will have to either install an I/A OWTS or be hooked up to a central sewer line to stop polluting our ground and surface waters. Grant and low interest loan funding is becoming available in July 2017 for existing home upgrades to I/A OWTS as well. An I/A septic system can be installed for a fraction of the cost of running a sewer line and keeps you the homeowner in control of your wastewater treatment expenses.